Easy Malware Removal Guide

You might be using your computer one day and notice that there’s some weird behavior occurring.

Maybe, it’s the random popups or system crashes, strange warnings or dialog messages, excessive network activity, and programs start misbehaving (randomly opening, crashing, or strange error messages), you might be infected with malware.

Here are some basic steps that you can take to remove the malware. Note, you are responsible for your own data so please be sure to perform any backups before attempting any malware removal.

These suggestions are not effective on all types of malware (crypto and others), and you should seek professional advice/help for serious infections.

 

What is malware?

Malware‘ is an umbrella term used to refer to a variety of forms of hostile or intrusive software including computer viruses, worms, trojan horses, ransomware, spyware, adware, scareware, and other malicious programs. It can take the form of executable code, scripts, active content, and other software. Source.

 

How do you get infected by malware?

Usually, it can be very difficult to determine the cause of infection. Take care to inspect any file or link before running/clicking on it when browsing the internet, and avoid unsafe websites which can contain exploits.

Don’t give permissions to unknown programs to run and make sure to keep programs updated – developers will patch exploits and other vulnerabilities through updates.

These steps can be run in normal mode without booting into safe mode. These steps assume that you can boot your computer normally without issues.

 

Removing Malware

  1. Run rkill (download and run). This will kill running malware processes, fix and repair your registry and other file extensions. Do not reboot after running this.
  2. Download and run Malwarebytes Anti Malware. Set these settings and run the scan. It will repair damage done and remove most malware.settings - detection - scan for rootkits threat scan and start scan
  3. Then, run AdwCleaner. Scan first, then clean any infected results. It’ll prompt you to reboot after successful cleaning. This will remove malware on your system.

To prevent future infections, make sure to avoid opening files you might not know the source of and visiting websites that don’t appear legitimate.

Obviously, its not always possible to avoid infection especially if a website you regularly visit gets compromised, but you can follow these simple steps to remove the malware!

What’s new in Windows 10?

Windows 10

Windows 10 is the next best thing coming from Microsoft. Here’s a few things to keep in mind when you’re considering the switch.

Its free!

Windows 10 is free for most people – but if you’re running Windows 7 or Windows 8.1. Don’t worry, you have one year, until July 29th, 2016 to make the jump. If you miss out on the free upgrade for whatever reason, it’ll cost $119. To upgrade your existing installation, look for the windows icon in your notification bar – and enroll

Once the update is available for your system, it’ll prompt you to install. If you need to, you can put it off until you’re ready to make the switch. It can take a few days as Windows 10 is rolled out to all users, so don’t despair if it doesn’t appear immediately for you. If you’ve been regularly updating windows and the icon doesn’t appear for you, simple, just visit this link to do it manually.

During the reservation process, Windows will let you know if you have any incompatible hardware – make sure to install any updates for your devices beforehand so that you can use them with windows 10.

Windows will automatically scan for incompatible hardware.
Windows will automatically scan for incompatible hardware.

 

Easy upgrade

Windows 10 can be installed without you having to lose any files or settings! Some things will change and require reconfiguration, but if you’re coming from Windows 8.1 or Windows 7, everything should remain as you had it beforehand. After the upgrade, if you want to do a complete reinstall you’ll have the option for that as well. Just make sure you have your Windows Serial Key handy (if you lost it, use this script or Ultimate PID Checker to grab it from your system) and create a bootable DVD or USB.

 

Better Performance

Windows 10 brings a number of performance tweaks and other optimizations. If you’re using a graphics card, you’ll be compatible with DX12 if you have a recent graphics card from Nvidia or AMD.

Defragment your hard drive before upgrading – defragging will optimize fragmented files and disk usage. You’ll be modifying a lot of files on your hard drive when performing the upgrade. For Windows 7, you can start Disk Defragmenter. On Windows 8.1, if you right click your hard drive in My Computer and go into Properties,  you’ll have the option to run Disk Defragmenter as well.

You’ll also want to run “Disk Cleanup” and “Clean System Files,” which will remove all the crud that’s been building up in your computer and free up some space.

 

Security and Anti Virus/Malware

Windows 10 will come with its own anti-malware software, Windows Defender (originally Security Essentials). If you want to use your own, make sure to check for updates and other maintenance before starting the upgrade to make sure they’ll work in Windows 10.

Those are just a few overall changes to Windows 10 as an operating system from previous iterations. Go upgrade now!

How to take Screenshots on Windows 7 and 8

There’s a few different techniques for screenshotting on Windows, starting with the ubiquitous PrintScreen button. This button is usually found above the Insert, Home, and Page Up Button on your keyboard, but this depends on the type of keyboard you have and may not even be its own dedicated button on laptops. If you don’t have easy access to the PrintScreen key, don’t worry, read on.

 

With the PrintScreen Key

Using the PrintScreen key, a simple press will screenshot your entire workspace, taking a snap of everything you’re looking at, including things on other screens if you have multiple monitors or if you’re hooked up to a projector. Your screenshot is saved to your clipboard, so you can easily paste it into anything that you’ll need. I like to put it in Paint, so I can quickly review it and even crop pieces out that aren’t relevant to the screenshot. However, if you’re doing that – there are better options.

 

Alt + PrintScreen

Pressing ALT and the PrintScreen key (PrtScn on some keyboards) will allow you to quickly grab a screen capture of the current window. Note that this means the current window that has focus, the window that you’re currently using. You can avoid any mistakes by selecting focus with ALT + TAB, or just simply clicking on the window. You can paste it into whatever you need, Paint is my preference.

 

Snipping Tool

Third and my favorite way to quickly grab a screenshot is using the snipping tool. This tool comes with all installations of Windows 7 and above, and allows you to quickly select what you want in your screenshot. Simply click on "New", and once your cursor changes into a cross, you can click and drag to select what’s going to be included in your screenshot. Once you release your click, you’ll be able to review the screenshot and save it wherever you need it.

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Example full Windows screenshot

That’s it! Easy choices for screenshots in Windows 7 and 8.